Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material for chromosome 21. This genetic disorder, which varies in severity, causes lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays, and in some people it causes health problems. Early and ongoing interventions can greatly increase the outcomes of children and adults with this disorder and help them live fulfilling lives.
Overview For Parents
- Children with DS can experience different challenges, but also have the potential to develop and thrive in many areas.
- Children with DS possess the ability to acquire bilingual language proficiency. Families should not be systematically advised to avoid bilingual exposure for their children with DS.
Overview For Clinicians
- Clinicians should be aware of the subtle behavioral and cognitive differences between autism and fragile X syndrome in order to maximize early intervention programs that recognize syndrome specific strengths and challenges.
- It is important to carefully examine social deficits in children with developmental disorders.